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Master Thesis

La parole emmurée

Abstract : Antigone is without doubt one of Sophocles' tragedies that causes a lot of problems : it is one of the rare tragedies that stages a young lady who will be opposed to her city's laws and to the tyrant, and who will respect divine laws and bury her brother. She is opposed to everybody, with words and acts. She collides with tyranny and she suffers the most cruel punishment : death. Her speech, that nobody hears in the play, echos strangely when Creon appears in the scene carrying the corpse of his son. The chorus gives the final moral : prouds and impious are punished. The logos fails in the play : characters don't listen to each other and don't understand the others characters. Each of them use their own speech without understanding the others. Speech is often accompanied with acts : Antigone really buries Polynice ; sometimes acts are missing, and some characters reproach the others for inaction. If acts and words aren't suitable, some prefer to shout when others are silent. But their choices don't matter, when they can choose, , the speech is impotent, each of them persist in doing what they think to be fair and isolate themselves, and the tragedy is inevitable. Sophocles' composition is precise, the symmetry between Creon and Antigone is appalling but perfect. This tragedy causes a lot of questions, but all of these questions are causeb by speech. The final drama is caused by the incomprehension between the two strong characters of Antigone and Creon. This play of Sophocles is without doubt the tragedy of incommunicability.
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Aurore Noirault. La parole emmurée. Littératures. 2013. ⟨dumas-01136417⟩

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