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Master Thesis

Prévention primaire de la bronchiolite en crèche : étude épidémiologique (partie 1)

Abstract : Introduction: Bronchiolitis affects each year 460,000 infants (30%). Reducing its spread is a major public health issue. Prevention in day-car center, (which is a privileged place for communication), seems a good way to achieve this goal. The objective of the study is to assess the knowledge of infant's parents and day-care center staff about bronchiolitis. Methods: This multicenter, epidemiological and prospective study was conducted among 154 parents and 68 professionals of 5 day-care centers in Boulogne-Billancourt and Vanves (France) from September 2012 to July 2013. A questionnaire assessed the information expectations and the knowledge of parents and staff about bronchiolitis and its prevention. Also, a questionnaire dedicated to day-care directors evaluated preventive measures put in place in their nurseries. For statistical analysis, the variables were described as absolute value and percentage with p<0.05. Results: 83% of parents would like to receive information through their doctor or nursery. 90% of staff is requesting information. 26% of parents know how to restrain the transmission, 21% know the medical care and 14% the treatment. Conclusion: This study shows the lack of knowledge of parents about bronchiolitis prevention and treatment and their willingness to get more information about this disease. Good turnout shows that this study has been welcomed by parents and staff. An additional study could assess the impact of a training of day-care center staff and parents on the reduction of bronchiolitis.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 5, 2015 - 4:41:26 PM
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Chloé Bodin. Prévention primaire de la bronchiolite en crèche : étude épidémiologique (partie 1). Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2014. ⟨dumas-01148921⟩

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