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Master Thesis

Facteurs décisionnels de la vaccination anti papillomavirus chez les parents de jeunes filles de 9 à 19 ans après l’abaissement de l’âge vaccinal à 11 ans : une enquête qualitative

Abstract : Purpose: To identify the factors that stem and those that favor antipapillomavirus vaccination, when bringing vaccination down to the age of 11, from the perspective of the teenager’s parents. To expose a new process that would permit an educated choice and thus achieve the goal of an increase in public health vaccination cover. Method: We have conducted a qualitative survey based on individual interviews of parents (father and/or mother) of 9 to 19-year-old girls, living south of Bassin d’Arcachon. Interviews were conducted with an interview grid. Data were then analyzed with NVivo qualitative analysis software. Results: We have interviewed 24 parents. They were all the more concerned with the side effects of the vaccine since this vaccine was new and the media were relaying disturbing news about the hepatitis B and flu vaccine, and more recently about the antipapillomavirus vaccine itself. Parents of 14-year-old and above girls had a tendency to let their daughter make the decision on whether or not they should have the vaccination. The family doctor was of paramount importance in the decision process and many would follow his advice. Some parents were specifically concerned with potential side effects on puberty or on growth if the vaccination was done too early. Parents who would found the age of 11 to be too young would argue that their children were far from having a sexual life. Parents had a positive opinion on vaccination at school, considering it as a good opportunity to offer reliable information to their children. Labeling the vaccine as an “anti-cancer” seemed to be a great point. Conclusion: Our study allows us to identify two main factors acting as a brake upon the expansion of vaccination. First, concern on side effects, coupled with the negative impact of media relaying disturbing news on the matter. In this situation, the family doctor was of paramount importance to put the parents’ mind at ease. Second, the connection between vaccination and sexuality. To improve vaccination cover, we have proposed to promote information of the population through the media and at school, and to continue bringing down vaccination age to emphasize the “anti-cancer” aspect of the vaccine and thus break the symbolic connection with sexuality.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01195925
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 8, 2015 - 4:39:16 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 23, 2017 - 4:32:41 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, December 9, 2015 - 10:55:50 AM

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Édith Miranda-Martin. Facteurs décisionnels de la vaccination anti papillomavirus chez les parents de jeunes filles de 9 à 19 ans après l’abaissement de l’âge vaccinal à 11 ans : une enquête qualitative. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2015. ⟨dumas-01195925⟩

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