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Master Thesis

Impact d'un entraînement avec amorçage rythmique sur les capacités morphosyntaxiques d'enfants sourds implantés

Abstract : Processing of morphosyntactic structures remains the most deficient area of language processing for deaf children, despite early cochlear implantation. Based on studies showing the interaction between music and language processing, as well as common mechanisms for these two areas, we tested whether a musical rhythmic prime could improve the beneficial impact of a morphosyntactic training For that purpose, we trained a group of ten congenitally deaf children aged from 6 to 10 years, who have been implanted no later than at the age of 2 years 3 months, with two series of eight exercise sessions involving syntactic processing. In one of the series, the children were presented with a rhythmic prime (promoting the extraction of the relevant information from the speech signal) before the exercises, whereas in the other series, the exercises were preceded by a non-rhythmic auditory baseline prime. The data revealed a significant improvement of the children’s syntactic performances after the training, due to the regular rhythmic priming. In accordance with the Dynamic Attending Theory, this result suggests that the regularity of a musical prime with an underlying 2 Hz beat could promote the internal oscillators’ synchronization with the sound signal, enabling the extraction of relevant linguistic units to process syntactic information.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01212318
Contributor : Nadège Leray <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 26, 2015 - 4:27:28 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:34:40 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, January 27, 2016 - 10:20:54 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-01212318, version 1

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Anne-Marie Besombes, Éliette Escande. Impact d'un entraînement avec amorçage rythmique sur les capacités morphosyntaxiques d'enfants sourds implantés. Sciences cognitives. 2015. ⟨dumas-01212318⟩

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