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Master Thesis

A critical analysis of determinants of Kenya's political liberalization since independence

Abstract : This study is an attempt to analyze determinants of Kenya's political liberalization since independence. The study proceeds from the premise that democratic transition in Kenya has been influenced by ethnicity, economic underdevelopment and weak legal frameworks It is argued in this study that ethnicity permeates the Kenya's political liberalization process so deeply that party politics has become polarized along ethnic divides and voting patterns follow ethnic affiliations between the voters on one hand, and the candidates and party leadership on other. The evidence adduced shows that in both the 1992 and the 1997 multiparty elections (presidential, parliamentary and civic) produced results that reflected the ethnic composition of the electorate in different regions of the country however in December 2002 election, Mwai Kibaki won on NARC because it was a multi-ethnic alliance. Moreover economic-social underdevelopment and weak legal frameworks have constrained political liberalization The modernization and dependency approaches in political development constitute the theoretical framework for this study. Modernization theory posits that economic development precedes political modernization or political modernization accompanies economic development while dependency theory posits that the problems experienced by the Third World countries are caused by the external economic relations. The study relies on secondary data drawn from books, journal, research reports, newspaper articles and weekly reviews
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01267424
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Meywa Oscar Otele. A critical analysis of determinants of Kenya's political liberalization since independence. Political science. 2008. ⟨dumas-01267424⟩

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