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Master Thesis

A political biography of Ronald Gideon Ngala

Abstract : This is a biographical study of Ronald Gideon Ngala, who became a prominent leader in Kenya. He was born in 1922 at Gotani, in present day Kilifi District. He attended his primary and secondary schools at Kaloleni Church Missionary Society Station and Alliance High School respectively, before going on to Malcerere College in Kampala, Uganda. As will be observed in this work, Ngala's contribution to the process of decolonization and nation-building in post-independence Kenya was immense. He belonged to the political group of the African educated elite, who established a new political tradition in Kenya's nationalist struggle to counter imperialism and . colonialism. Equiped with this political tradition of negotiation and persuasion, Ngala and his group created the right conditions within which independence was handed over to the African majority. Ngala joined politics in 1957 as the first African Legislative Council (LEGCO) Member for Coast Province. In Legco and in public, he was a central participant in the subsequent constitutional advances. In 1958, while enjoying his colleague's confidence and respect, Ngala was elected secretary to the African Elected Members Organization [AEM0], where he performed his duties without imposing his personal views at the expense of the solidarity of his group. However, in the wake of political divisions among the African Members of Legco in 1959 and the subsequent fears and jealousies that were nursed by the minority groups, Ngala stood out as a moderate among the nationalists. His moderation was seen clearly when he involved himself in the multi-racial politics of 1959, which were European-initiated and said to dilute the African struggle. The subsequent Kiambu Leaders Conference of May 1960 which led to the formation of the Kenya African National Union (KANU), was the climax of the political divisions: the minority groups explicitly lamented Kikuyu-Luo domination of Kenyan politics and Ngala became their rallying force. This led to the formation of Kenya African Democratic Union (KADU) in June 1960 as a counterweight to KANU. The result of this was a jostling for safegaurds entrenched in the subsequent constitutions to suit KANU and KADU.
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Master Thesis
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01277368, version 1



George M. Gona. A political biography of Ronald Gideon Ngala. Humanities and Social Sciences. 1990. ⟨dumas-01277368⟩



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