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Master Thesis

Évaluation de la biodiversité ordinaire à travers ses interactions avec l’élevage en zone AOP en Franche-Comté

Abstract : In Franche-Comté, the cow cheese sector “Protected Designation of Origin” is engaged in soil and landscapes preservation. It has set up an experimental study about agricultural practices and its related landscapes components (hedges, trees, groves) in order to evaluate global "ordinairy" biodiversity level at a scale of 20 dairy farms. They are located within the PDO area and in their cooperative territory. The BIOTEX method (developed by the Institut de l’Elevage) has been used to study if, on one hand, the current breeding practices are preserving and encouraging biodiversity while allowing high quality PDO milk production ; and on the other hand, if the landscapes are kept complex and typical thanks to livestock farming. 60% of usable farmland on the considered territory is managed with permanent pastures, which is positive for the local biodiversity because they help out with supporting, provisioning and regulating services. A high density (60% at least) of agro-ecological infrastructures (hedges, forest border) is measured on each farm. Those infrastructures represent lots of habitats for wildlife and plants. The permanent pastures management is combined: some parts of the surface are early mown down, and the other parts are used in an extensive way. These practices compensate each other at the farm scale, and offer a good compromise between biodiversity conservation and forage production. Practices are varied between farms and give a real diversity to the territory, while adapting to resources and pressures on the territory.
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01297946, version 1



Marie Leroy. Évaluation de la biodiversité ordinaire à travers ses interactions avec l’élevage en zone AOP en Franche-Comté. Sciences agricoles. 2015. ⟨dumas-01297946⟩