Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Master Thesis

Incidence du diabète sucré chez les enfants de moins de 15 ans 3 mois en Guadeloupe, de 2000 à 2014 : étude rétrospective observationnelle

Abstract : Background. – While the incidence of type 1 diabetes in children has increased in France and invarious parts of the world, in Guadeloupe (F.W.I.), no actual figures have been available. Objective. – The aim of this study was to determine whether or not the pattern of increase in the incidence of diabetes mellitus in children aged less than 15 years varies with age at onset in Guadeloupe over a 15-year period. Highlight particularities in the presentation of T1D in this population. Patients and methods. – From 2000 to 2014, all newly diagnosed cases of type 1 diabetes were confirmed by the archives of all the public hospitals of the territory. Results.– In the overall population, the incidence rate increased from 6.48 per 100,000 per year in 2000 to 11.35 per 100,000 per year in 2014, indicating an annual increase in incidence of 12.6 %. The annual increase in incidence rate was highest in the youngest children and varied significantly with age (0–4 years: 30 %; 5–9 years: 6.7 %; 10–14 years: 1.6 %, p=0.21). There is also an emergence of T2DM among young teenagers, with a tripling of the number of cases over the period 2010 to 2014 compared to that recorded over the period 2000 to 2004 (respectively 6 and 2 cases). The ketoacidosis rate is very high in the population (39 %) with no significant difference between different age groups. There is also an emergence of T2DM among young teenagers (incidence cumulative IC 95%). Conclusion. – These results indicate a high increase of the incidence of type 1 diabetes in children in Guadeloupe, with an evensteeper increase among younger children, thus underscoring the need for appropriate adaptation of the system of healthcare provision.
Document type :
Master Thesis
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [28 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01317766
Contributor : Pointe À Pitre Bhu <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 19, 2016 - 9:15:54 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 20, 2020 - 6:46:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, November 8, 2016 - 7:28:06 PM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : dumas-01317766, version 1

Collections

Citation

Audrey Montout. Incidence du diabète sucré chez les enfants de moins de 15 ans 3 mois en Guadeloupe, de 2000 à 2014 : étude rétrospective observationnelle. Pédiatrie. 2016. ⟨dumas-01317766⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

130

Files downloads

173