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Master Thesis

Les lazarets à La Réunion de 1860 à 1920 : épidémies, médecins et pratique médicale… Quel intérêt sanitaire ?

Abstract : Reunion Island was hit by epidemics in the late seventeenth century with the arrival of the more settlers, slaves and coolies. The necessity to protect the islanders from these epidemics - smallpox, plague or cholera – prompted the obligation for newcomers to undergo quarantine measures in lazarettos, such that of La Grande-Chaloupe, erected in 1860. Lazarettos were placed under the overall responsability of Navy doctors then civilian doctors who had to remain locked up with the migrants during the quarantine. Those practionners were to perform surgical procedures, as well as enforcing préventive measures. In addition to being caregivers, they had to be, at the same time, captains of the lazaretto, civil registry and police officers. Although quarantine measures have undoubtedly helped avoid or control epidemics, the fact remains that they have experienced some limitations. Their effectiveness was hampered in addition by the ignorance of some infectious agents and their modes of transmission, by the difficulty of ensuring total isolation. Still relevant and often criticized, quarantine measures were quickly challenged because they foster political, economic, health and social constraints.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01360575
Contributor : Bu Carreire Université de Bordeaux <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 6, 2016 - 10:22:35 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 30, 2019 - 5:36:53 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, December 7, 2016 - 12:53:34 PM

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Sandy Cousin. Les lazarets à La Réunion de 1860 à 1920 : épidémies, médecins et pratique médicale… Quel intérêt sanitaire ?. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2016. ⟨dumas-01360575⟩

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