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Master Thesis

L’entretien d’explicitation appliqué à une tâche de compréhension de texte chez l’enfant

Abstract : A lot of children are poor comprehenders, but analyzing the causes of that disorder is difficult. The entretien d’explicitation, an interview technique created by Pierre Vermersch in the eighties, was used to make 9-11 years old children describe their mental actions during a listening comprehension task. Twenty seven good comprehenders and nine poor comprehenders were interviewed. These interviews showed that, in each group, all the children could describe some of their actions. Sometimes, the interviews helped them become aware of what they were doing while listening to the story. We also found that some of these actions were different between the two groups. Even though the vast majority of these actions were the same, two were only made by the poor comprehenders and some inferences were only made by the good comprehenders. Eventually, the entretien d’explicitation helped us to understand which actions may be responsible for poor text comprehension, and enabled us to distinguish three different profiles of poor comprehenders. Thus, this interview technique could be used as a valuable diagnostic tool.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01374399
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Submitted on : Friday, September 30, 2016 - 1:33:23 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 14, 2019 - 9:06:06 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, December 31, 2016 - 3:38:05 PM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-01374399, version 1

Citation

Delphine Bouguyon. L’entretien d’explicitation appliqué à une tâche de compréhension de texte chez l’enfant. Sciences cognitives. 2016. ⟨dumas-01374399⟩

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