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Master Thesis

Évaluation des connaissances des patients sur l’hépatite B, se présentant aux urgences pour un AEV sexuel

Abstract : Objective: Hepatitis B remains a global public health problem and the sexual transmission is the main mode of transmission. This study aimed to assess the knowledge on hepatitis B patients presenting for sexual AEV emergencies. Secondary objectives were to study the prevalence of condom use, the prevalence of vaccination against HBV in this population, and the rate of patients who have received prior information, in order to improve prevention if necessary. Materials and Methods: We conducted a prospective observational study from September 1 to June 30, 2016 emergency of the CHU of Bordeaux. Were included all patients presenting for major sexual AEV. A multiple-choice questionnaire was given to each patient during his visit to emergencies. A knowledge score of 16 points was established; we defined usual conventions that knowledge was sufficient when he was at or above the third quartile, or ≥ 12. Results: 77 patients were included in our study. The average score was 10. 27% of patients had a good score of knowledge. We found a significant difference in the level of education (p = 0.002): the "bac + 2" group had a higher level of knowledge. Patients vaccinated against hepatitis B, also had a higher level of knowledge (p = 0.02) and patients who received prior information (p = 0.0001). 55% of patients thought HIV was transmissible IST most. Only 45% of patients were vaccinated against hepatitis B. We found that 42% of our study population did not use a condom. 65% of patients wanted to receive information when passing emergency. Most want an information brochure. Conclusion: Our study population had a low level of knowledge about hepatitis B. The risk of transmission was underestimated especially in relation to HIV. The majority of patients were not vaccinated against hepatitis B. In addition, condoms appeared to be little used. So it seems important to renew the information campaigns, prevention and vaccination. At the end of our study, we will develop an information brochure that we will give every patient coming to an AEV emergencies.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01452640
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 2, 2017 - 9:51:05 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 23, 2017 - 4:29:58 PM
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Cécile Bérard-Garrigue. Évaluation des connaissances des patients sur l’hépatite B, se présentant aux urgences pour un AEV sexuel. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2016. ⟨dumas-01452640⟩

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