De l'innovation en lutherie à la préservation du patrimoine : Jean Bernard Pascal Rajerison dit « Rapasy », flûtiste, luthier-chercheur et pédagogue, Tananarive (Madagascar)

Abstract : Madagascar, a huge island, is famous for its ethnical richness and diversity, especially well expressed through the multiple musical traditions. However, even though music plays a very important role in Malagasy life, whether at a social or a cultural level, studies dedicated to the Malagasy musical patrimony remain few. Although this patrimony shows an important scientific potential along several approaches (musicology, organology, sociology, ethnology, anthropology), it still remains nearly unexploited. And there’s still much to do to develop a deep knowledge of music within the Malagasy culture–s, like collecting data, and summarizing what is known and unknown concerning music in Madagascar. This work is based on the testimony of Jean Bernard Pascal Rajerison, a.k.a. « Rapasy » a professional in the musical fields, and on the scientific literature. In the first part, it attempts to show the main aspects of musical traditions and it’s most common instruments throughout the island. Then, the second part consists of an overview of the musical instruments that Rapasy conceives and crafts, gathered within a catalog. This musician demonstrates in his professional everyday life the concomitant use of tradition and modernity. His testimony proves that transmission and exchange are also really important matters. We will emphasize throughout this document which strategies Rapasy develops to preserve the richness of Malagasy patrimony in both cultural and ecological fields. This study shows how a twenty-first-century musical artist roots his daily work into both past and future, whether he crafts instruments or he plays music.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 25, 2017 - 4:14:34 PM
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