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Master Thesis

Motivations à l’usage de la cigarette électronique chez les adolescents et les adultes jeunes : revue de la littérature

Abstract : Background: E-cigarette use mostly concerns smokers and ex-smokers. Otherwise, it seems that adolescents and young adults use it for more various reasons than smoking cessation. We aim at describing adolescents (12-18 years old) and young adults’ (18-40 years old) reasons for electronic cigarette use. Methods: Systematic review. Results: 40 documents were included in the review: 32 quantitative studies, 5 qualitative studies and 3 mixed method studies. 28 documents concerned young adults, 7 concerned adolescents and 5 concerned both adolescents and young adults. Curiosity was the most common reason for e-cigarette’s initiation in both adolescents and young adults, regardless their tobacco use. Peer’s influence was a common reason in adolescents and university students. Young adults reported more having try e-cigarette to quit or reduce tobacco use than adolescents. It was harder to identify reasons for e-cigarette continued use. In adults, unexpected reasons for e-cigarette use have been evoked by qualitative studies: positive social image, weight control, concentration help, stress management, acceptability by non-smokers, recreational aspect (smoke tricks), or hobby and fight against boredom. Conclusions: Poor quality of available studies and heterogeneity of e-cigarettes use descriptions made difficult to assess reasons for use, especially for continued use in adolescents. More consensual descriptions should be used in research on this subject.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01569731
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 27, 2017 - 2:20:35 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 11, 2017 - 1:14:35 AM

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Chloé Leflot. Motivations à l’usage de la cigarette électronique chez les adolescents et les adultes jeunes : revue de la littérature. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2017. ⟨dumas-01569731⟩

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