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Master Thesis

État des lieux de la tuberculose maladie en Gironde de 2014 à 2016 d’après les données du centre de lutte anti-tuberculeuse de Bordeaux

Abstract : Tuberculosis remains a major public health problem. With more than 10 million new cases per year in the world, and more than 4,000 in France, it remains poorly known to the population and healthcare professionals. The CLAT 33 team is rather under‐resourced in terms of the number of cases listed, so it seemed appropriate to propose ways to strengthen the management and / or screening. The objective is to draw up an inventory of tuberculosis disease in Gironde from 2014 to 2016 to improve knowledge and promote earlier detection. This is a descriptive, retrospective observational study based on data from CLAT 33 and the microbiology laboratories of Pellegrin University Hospital In 2014, 2015 and 2016, there were respectively 85, 99 and 87 cases of tuberculosis disease in Gironde. Over the last three years, 55.5% of patients with tuberculosis disease were born abroad, mostly from Africa. At diagnosis, in the majority of cases (43.2%), only one or two symptoms were present. Active smoking was present in 44.6% of patients, 31.3% more than 20 pack‐years. And there is a higher susceptibility of smoking patients to tuberculosis. 8.3% had positive HIV serology, hence the value of systematic screening at the time of diagnosis. There is stability in number of cases of tuberculosis disease in Gironde. Healthcare professionals should remain vigilant at the slightest symptom and screening of people coming from endemic areas should be strengthened.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01615885
Contributor : Bu Carreire Université de Bordeaux <>
Submitted on : Thursday, October 12, 2017 - 5:44:22 PM
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Julie Leitao. État des lieux de la tuberculose maladie en Gironde de 2014 à 2016 d’après les données du centre de lutte anti-tuberculeuse de Bordeaux . Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2017. ⟨dumas-01615885⟩

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