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Master Thesis

Augmenter la quantité d’activité physique dans le cadre du cancer du sein : effet d’un programme de Dragon Boat et de renforcement musculaire

Abstract : Objective: The objective of this study is to compare the effect of the quantity of physical activity (PA) (Dragon Boat (DB) and Resistance exercise) on aerobic capacity, upper limbs strength, lymphedema, quality of life (QoL) and fatigue in breast cancer survivors. Methods: 16 women participated in 4-month PA program. Three groups of exercises have been formed, and perform per week: Group A (n=6): one session of DB at low intensity ; Group B (n=4): one session of DB at low intensity and one session of resistance exercise at moderate intensity ; Group C (n=6): at least two sessions of DB at low intensity and one session of resistance exercise at moderate intensity. Aerobic capacity (6WT), strength of the upper limbs (handgrip test), lymphedema (arm circumference), QoL (EORTC QLQ C-30) and fatigue (MFI-20) were evaluated before (T0) and 4 months after the PA program (T1). Results: Only strength and fatigue scores are significantly improved between T0 and T1 (p<0,05). The grip strength increases more for groups A and C (1,7 and 1,8 kg). The fatigue mainly decreases in group B. Even if results are not significant, it seems that walking distance to 6WT slightly increases in the group C and that the QoL improves for groups B and C. No aggravation and appearance of lymphedema were observed in the 3 groups. Conclusion: Even if it is not significant, results suggest that a greater quantity of PA induces greater improvement in aerobic capacity estimated by the distance to 6WT, upper limbs strength and QoL. It is safe because it does not lead to the appearance of lymphedema. However, it does not reduce fatigue.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 22, 2017 - 4:54:16 PM
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Amandine Leduc. Augmenter la quantité d’activité physique dans le cadre du cancer du sein : effet d’un programme de Dragon Boat et de renforcement musculaire. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2017. ⟨dumas-01644947⟩

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