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Master Thesis

Lieux de vie, lieux de luttes

Abstract : Decades of Apartheid and its unequal system of development based on segregation of non-white populations, South Africa remains an extremely unequal country, where "two worlds" are standing alongside each other : a developed world, rich and mostly White, with high standards urban services and houses surrounded by electrical fences ; an underdeveloped world, mostly Black, characterized by high levels of unemployment, crime and poor housing. In this socially and racially segregated society, informal settlements (slums) are the poorest and marginalized neighborhoods. In Cape Town, they gather 20 % of the metropolitan population. While public policies failed to create inclusive cities and to reduce social and economical inequalities, social movements and activist organisations have been developed across South Africa. In Cape Town, those are non-profit organisations that are taking in charge the development of impoverished neighborhoods. Through their actions, they are participating to the urban development of marginalized areas and to the integration of their populations in the urban system, by increasing citizenship and urban quality of life, with the implementation of services and equipments in public spaces. Still segregated, informal settlements are in this frame considered as lively places, where the Right to the City - invented by Henri Lefebvre and re-imagined by South African activists - is reclaimed and admitted.
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Master Thesis
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01818365, version 1

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Idrissa M'Boup. Lieux de vie, lieux de luttes. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. 2017. ⟨dumas-01818365⟩

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