Violence obstétricale : essai de définition à partir de la littérature scientifique

Abstract : Introduction: In the early 2000s, the term "obstetric violence" appeared in Latin America in several laws of different countries. Subsequently, the use of this term has spread in the Anglo-Saxon and French-speaking world, without these countries legislating. This subject challenges and raises questions about its definition. So, is there an international scientific consensus for the concept of obstetric violence? Objective: To develop a definition of "obstetric violence" from the scientific literature. Materials and methods: This study is a review of the international scientific literature covering the period from 1999 to June 2017. Sixteen articles were selected according to the HAS method, then analyzed according to the content analysis method (Bardin, 2007). Results: A typology of obstetric violence was identified. Occurring at different stages of a woman's sexual and reproductive life, obstetric violence is the articulation of two types of violence: institutionalized medical protocols and gender. It is a violation of human rights. Conclusion: The study revealed an international consensus to define obstetric violence as gender-based violence, in an institutional context of over-medicalization. In contrast, practices correlated with obstetrical violence may vary from study to study.
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Marie-Laure Franeczek. Violence obstétricale : essai de définition à partir de la littérature scientifique. Gynécologie et obstétrique. 2018. ⟨dumas-01946490⟩

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