Análisis descriptivo de los niveles de actividad física y actividad sedentaria en niños/as de 2° y 5° de Educación Primaria de Tarbes (Francia) y Huesca (España)

Abstract : Context. In industrialized countries, there is an increase in physical inactivity and sedentary behavior, and especially in children. Compliance with the MVPA guidelines and the reduction of SB are necessary for the prevention of chronic diseases since childhood. Objective. To realize a descriptive analysis of PA and SB of children in 2nd and 5th grade from the cities of Tarbes (France) and Huesca (Spain) at different times of the day. Methodology. A total of 179 children of 2nd and 5th grade (n=89 in France, n=90 in Spain) of the two countries have taken the accelerometer (GT3x, GT1X) for a week. MVPA (cts : 0-300) and SB (cts : 2296 and above) were analyzed by pre-established periods of time : day of the week end, day of the school week ; within this school week especially the time before school, lunch, after school and at night. SES was a control variable. Descriptive analysis and ANOVA 2 countries x 2 grades x 2 genders were performed with the software Statistica (p<0,001). Results. 54,97% of the children comply with the MVPA guidelines all days of the week (2nd Fr : 76,03% ; 2nd Esp : 66,25% ; 5th Fr : 35,93% ; 5th Esp : 42,04%). MVPA was 67,70±17,83 min and the SB 606,14±37,39 min for the total sample. In the global day, there were effects : country (9,14 min difference), grade (8,58 min difference), gender (7,70 min difference) for MVPA and grade (25,2 min difference), gender (15,54 min diference) for SB. Conclusion : There are differences between MVPA and SB between the countries (Spain > France), the grades (2nd > 5°) and the gender (boys > girls).
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Caroline Bernal. Análisis descriptivo de los niveles de actividad física y actividad sedentaria en niños/as de 2° y 5° de Educación Primaria de Tarbes (Francia) y Huesca (España). Education. 2017. ⟨dumas-01957211⟩

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