Art et Médecine : bénéfices des arts plastiques en médecine ambulatoire

Abstract : Art and Medicine have always been related. First used in the transmission of knowledge, art has become a therapeutic tool throughout history, and even a discipline of its own within medicine. The practice of artistic activities is present in many medical specialties and has proven beneficial in the treatment of anxiety. Therefore, we decided to study the effects of coloring a complex circular symmetrical shape, more commonly referred to as mandala, on care-related anxiety in 3 different situations of outpatient medical treatment. Thirty patients were included in 3 groups for our study. They came from 3 different ambulatory medical situations: hemodialysis (n = 10), psychiatric day hospital (HDJ) (n = 10) and nephrology consultation (n = 10). We asked the patients to fill-in the STAI-State and STAI-Trait questionnaires, then to color a complex circular shape, and finally to fill-in the STAI-State questionnaire again along with ECTM2-Qa questionnaire about the experience of the activity. The results demonstrated that the STAI-State score was significantly lower after the coloring activity for the hemodialysis group (p = 0.02) and the psychiatric day hospital group (p = 0.005) but not for the group in nephrology consultation (p = 0.26). The STAI-Trait scores were not different between the groups. The ECTM2-Qa questionnaire attested of a positive experience of the activity in all the groups. These results demonstrate the positive effects of coloring a complex shape on care-related anxiety. They further confirm the many applications of artistic activities in various medical disciplines and encourage their development in medical care environments.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02073745
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 20, 2019 - 10:59:02 AM
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Élodie Olmi. Art et Médecine : bénéfices des arts plastiques en médecine ambulatoire. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2018. ⟨dumas-02073745⟩

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