Efficacité des simulations dans l’apprentissage de l’entretien motivationnel. Une revue de la littérature

Abstract : Motivational Interviewing is a collaborative conversation style based on empathy, partnership, evocation and non-judgment. It aims to encourage the patient's commitment to change when the patient is ambivalent about a problematic health behavior. His learning requires time. Finding new educational tools seems necessary. Health simulation is an emerging pedagogical approach. We wanted to know if the simulations of clinical interviews could improve the acquisition of motivational interviewing skills. We realized a review of the literature. Appropriate search equations were applied to four databases. An analysis of the quality of controlled studies was performed. Ten controlled and eight uncontrolled studies were analyzed. Human simulation in the form of standardized patients seems to allow a better acquisition of skills than standard training or self-training. Role plays appear equivalent to standardized patients. Electronic simulation was little studied but offers promising results. The studies were mostly of low methodological quality, heterogeneous in terms of training provided, comparator and evaluation. Despite these limitations, human and electronic simulation techniques seem to improve the acquisition of motivational interviewing skills. Additional randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm the effectiveness of the electronic simulation and test its potential superiority over human simulation.
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Master Thesis
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Charlotte Bordes. Efficacité des simulations dans l’apprentissage de l’entretien motivationnel. Une revue de la littérature. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2018. ⟨dumas-02119443⟩

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