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Master Thesis

Which positive factors determine the choice of a career in General Practice for medical students and trainees ? A systematic literature review

Abstract : Many studies focused on the negative aspects of General Practice. Researchers from the EGPRN (European General Practice Research Network) are some of the few who have shown how the role of a GP could be appealing. The aim of this eight-country European study was to determine which factors could attract and retain students and trainees into General Practice. Method : systematic review of literature from Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane databases issued from 01/01/2000 to 12/31/2018 by two researchers working blind according to the PRISMA guidelines including a qualitative analysis. The database-specific search was conducted with equations including « Family Practice », « General practitioners », « Career choice » and « Job satisfaction » keywords. Results : 24 articles out of 414 were selected. According to literature, satisfaction factors can be classified into four themes and fifteen subthemes. The most frequently found are: the teaching of General Practice, workplace and organization freedom, quality of life, variety in practice, workload balance and income. This analysis also highlighted factors of physicians’ job satisfaction, such as intellectual stimulation and the relationship built with patients and other professionals. Conclusion : literature on the appeal of students to General Practice found a lot of positive factors. Any article provides a global view of a student and trainee attracted to General Practice. Nevertheless, articles as a whole design one. Courses and clerkships in General Practice with positive role models are determinant for career choice and should be integrated as a core of medical schools teaching.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02159062
Contributor : Ubo Santé <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 18, 2019 - 2:50:48 PM
Last modification on : Monday, April 12, 2021 - 3:11:41 AM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

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  • HAL Id : dumas-02159062, version 1

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Guillaume Huiban. Which positive factors determine the choice of a career in General Practice for medical students and trainees ? A systematic literature review. Life Sciences [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02159062⟩

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