« Perception de la vaccination et de l’obligation vaccinale chez les étudiants en PACES de France »

Abstract : We aimed to determine the attitude toward the 2018 extension of mandatory vaccines (from 3 to 11) for infants in France among the students of 1st year of medical studies (1YMS). We asked the medicine faculty to electronically diffuse an online anonymous, non mandatory questionnaire to the students of 1YMS between February and June 2018. Questions explored the general trust toward vaccines, and the perception of the legitimacy of this extension of mandatory vaccines. 4326 students completed it (average age 18,8±1Y, female 76,1%).16 French universities counted at least 50 participants. On a 0-100 scale, they declared they perceived that vaccine efficiency was 86,7±17, that the level of vaccine-associated danger was 29,5±22, and that their trust in vaccine was 77,6±21. Concerning mandatory vaccines, 78% knew that their number had recently increased; 84,7% totally/mostly agreed that it was scientifically legitimate, and 65,7% that is was morally legitimate; 33,4% considered that it was partly/totally a freedom restriction. Only 20,9% declared the extension of mandatory vaccines will enhance their trust in vaccines, and 32,7% it will enhance their perception that vaccines have few severe adverse effects. When considering the 5 main age classes (17, 18, 19, 20, and 21 years), the perception of vaccine efficiency and vaccine trust significantly decreased and the perception of vaccine-associated danger significantly increased with each year. A gross anti-vaccine poster was shown: 3,3% totally and 10,6% mostly agreed with its message. Students in the French 1YMS perceived vaccines as efficient, but also perceived a notable level of vaccine associated danger. Mandatoriness is perceived more scientifically than morally legitimate. The progression of negative perception increasing with age shows that objective information on vaccines should be given during this very first year.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Friday, July 5, 2019 - 4:00:29 PM
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Lola Daudel, Jessica Mary‎. « Perception de la vaccination et de l’obligation vaccinale chez les étudiants en PACES de France ». Médecine humaine et pathologie. 0062. ⟨dumas-02175285⟩

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