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Master Thesis

L'imitation des affects chez Spinoza : un φαρμαĸον pour l'homme et la société ? Pour une actualisation du concept spinoziste

Abstract : Pity, jealousy, emulation are as many passions which depend on the mecanism of "affective imitation", which is defined by Spinoza in his Ethic. What does "affective imitation" mean ? When you see another man being affected by a certain passion, because he belongs to humanity as yourself, you will experience the same passion he feels. This mecanism enables a new way of thinking the desire : desire is no longer a desire of an object, but the desire’s desire of another man. Men, who are still unaware of what their own passions are and how to control it, will want to please to everyone at all costs and want to be admired too : because all men will have the same desire of recognition, they will be an obstacle for each other and hate themself. On the opposite, men who are free will want to share their desire of knowledge and will be glad of other’s joy. "Affective imitation" can therefore be as well the human community’s cement as the cause of its ruin, a remedy or a poison. It is exactly this paradox, applied to all level of the society (individual, social, political) which will be at the core of our work.
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Chloé Ripert. L'imitation des affects chez Spinoza : un φαρμαĸον pour l'homme et la société ? Pour une actualisation du concept spinoziste. Philosophie. 2018. ⟨dumas-02176775⟩

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