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Master Thesis

Trouble du spectre de l'autisme (TSA) à la Réunion: relation entre l'intensité du trouble et l'environnement socio-économique familial

Abstract : Introduction : Autism includes a spectrum of various disorders, evolving differently from one subject to another, according to identified individual factors and not very well-known environmental ones. Existing longitudinal studies research the influence of therapeutic interventions. Our study aims to find a relationship between the intensity of the disorder and the socioeconomic environment of the child. Method : Our cross-sectional and analytical study was based on a sociometric questionnaire with parents of children aged from 5 to 12 years old, diagnosed with ASD at CRIA Réunion/Mayotte from 2007 to 2017. The results were related to the retrospective evaluation data (ADOS, language level, intelligence quotient). Results : 96 parents answered the questionnaire. The results showed a significant relationship between the intensity of the disorder and the level of education of the parents and with the household's average income level. Thus, significant differences in language level and intelligence quotient were also found according to the socio-professional categories of parents. Conclusion : This study suggests the influence of socioeconomic factors on the intensity of autism, with a more intense intellectual and language deficit among disadvantaged social categories. However, our study was geographically restricted to a single department, and to a limited number of parental responses. These results motivate other cohort studies or large scale follow-up to confirm or refute this influence of the social environment. Our results raise the issue of social inequalities in health and accessibility to care that may influence the national policy of care for autism.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02289232
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Submitted on : Monday, September 16, 2019 - 2:29:46 PM
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Cécile Hébert. Trouble du spectre de l'autisme (TSA) à la Réunion: relation entre l'intensité du trouble et l'environnement socio-économique familial. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02289232⟩

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