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Master Thesis

Influence de l'environnement social et familial sur le vécu et le comportement des mères pratiquant un maternage proximal

Abstract : Introduction: The goal of all new perinatal methods is to promote a good mother child relationship. It’s partially due to this, that a new tendency has emerged: «attachment parenting» which many mothers in France have been applying since the early year 2000. However, throughout the whole last century our society has been exposed to rather distal childcare practices, resulting in a gap between the current discourse delivered to mothers and that delivered to the two previous generations. The mothers’ environments are therefore not very favourable to attachment parenting. It would appear legitimate to question the influence of this social and family environment on the mothers’ experiences and possible consequences on behaviour and attachment parenting practices. Objective of study: Mainly to examine the experience of Marseille mothers who have practiced attachment parenting between 2013 and 2016, and to identify the information sources that lead them to pursue this type of parenting, while assessing the influence of social and family environment on their emotional awareness, and to determine whether they felt overally supported (empowerment of their self-efficacy) by their entourage or not (decline of self-efficacy). And finally, to determine what are to be the consequences on the behaviour and practices of mothers in question. Material and method: It is a qualitative and decriptive study regarding mothers who have a child between the age of 1 and 4 and have practiced attachment parenting with him. Data were collected from 10 interviews according to semi-directional interview method and then the analysis of its content was carried out. Results: The study shows that attachment parenting is mostly acquired through experience but also mothers talk about « instinct ». The social and family environment has a major influence on the emotional state of the mothers, creating a relatively negative climate alongside stereotypes and prejudices in regards to attachment parenting. The mothers reported a strong feeling of being judged by their entourage and therefore a need to justify their parenting practices. However, all the mothers interviewed mention a strengthening of their empowerment of competence through attachment parenting, as well as benefits to their mother child relationship. So in practice, this negative influence has no consequence on mothering, the mothers continued to follow their parenting ideal. Conclusion: Indeed, the results highlight the empowerment of self-efficacy despite the emotional disturbances caused by the mothers’ entourage. This gives rise to questioning the too invasive social environment of the mother. This opens the door to a new professional perspective for midwives to find heir rightful place between medical speeches, parenting support and the respect for each mother in the making.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02389820
Contributor : École Universitaire de Maïeutique Marseille Méditerranée (eu3m) <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 2, 2019 - 4:37:45 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 6, 2020 - 4:04:38 PM
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Marine Phan Vigie. Influence de l'environnement social et familial sur le vécu et le comportement des mères pratiquant un maternage proximal. Gynécologie et obstétrique. 2019. ⟨dumas-02389820⟩

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