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Master Thesis

Les plantes médicinales utilisées par les descendants d’engagés indiens en Guadeloupe : étude bibliographique et enquête de terrain

Abstract : Guadeloupe is a french Caribbean island. Its exceptional flora count more than 3 000 plant species of which about 625 medicinal herbs are known. The island owes this diversity to its tropical climate and it History. Indeed, over the centuries, people from different continents (America, Europe, Africa, Asia) occupied the island and introduced plants. This meeting of cultures gave birth to a traditional Creole medicine. The last major migratory move towards Guadeloupe, took place after the abolition of slavery, in 1848. Thus, between 1854 and 1889, about 40 000 Indians coolies arrived. They took away a multi-millennial civilization centered around spirituality, cooking, and traditional medecine. The purpose of this thesis is to question the contribution and the relationship of Indians to medicinal plants in Guadeloupe. Through a bibliographic search and an ethnobotanical field survey conducted in Guadeloupe with 20 people (2018-2019), we will first try to understand the nature of the input that is likely to have been imported. Thereafter, knowledge and therapeutic uses will be listed and analyzed. We will focus on the pharmacological interest of this contribution and a final part will be devoted to the possibilities of valorization of this heritage in the legislative framework, in particular by the application of Ayurvedic phytotherapy to Creole plants.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 18, 2019 - 1:53:23 PM
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Lindy Jiounandan. Les plantes médicinales utilisées par les descendants d’engagés indiens en Guadeloupe : étude bibliographique et enquête de terrain. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02417837⟩

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