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Master Thesis

Connaissances, attitudes et pratiques face au paludisme et formations chez les praticiens de médecine traditionnelle à Abidjan, en Côte d’Ivoire

Abstract : Introduction: Traditional Health Practitioners (THPs) are an integral part of healthcare. WHO promotes the safe and effective integration of traditional medicine into health systems. In Ivory Coast, the National Program for the Promotion of Traditional Medicine (PNPMT) supports THPs in this process of institutionalization, and particularly offers them training. This study focuses on training and knowledge, attitudes and practices on malaria, in a region where the disease is a substantial public health issue. Objectives: The main objective is to describe experiences pertaining to malaria and training needs of THPs in Abidjan, Ivory Coast, in 2019. It has three specific objectives: 1) to describe the knowledge, attitudes and practices of THPs in the prevention and management of malaria; 2) to study the association between having participated in the PNPMT training on malaria and the practice of diagnosis of malaria by blood test; 3) to identify the training needs and expectations of the THPs. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was realised from april to june 2019. 217 THPs of the Yopougon East, Yopougon West and Marcory-Treichville health districts were randomly selected from the PNPMT database. A questionnaire was administered face-to-face or by telephone. Results: 99.5 % of THPs claim that malaria is due to mosquito. 34.1 % of THPs diagnose malaria by blood test, and 82.9 % of THPs collaborate with hospital professionals. Also, the training courses on malaria organized by the PNPMT are significantly associated with the good diagnosis practices of malaria by the THPs (ORa=2.59 [1.17-5.72], p=0.019). The main training requests are about diseases. Discussion and conclusion: As these results are encouraging, the PNPMT training courses should be continued. It also seems appropriate to be able to increasingly target the beneficiaries of the training. These actions will support the work initiated to integrate traditional medicine into the national health system.
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Master Thesis
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Lucie Peters. Connaissances, attitudes et pratiques face au paludisme et formations chez les praticiens de médecine traditionnelle à Abidjan, en Côte d’Ivoire. Santé publique et épidémiologie. 2019. ⟨dumas-02447613⟩

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