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Master Thesis

Validity of four pain scales which have been proven reliable by a previous systematic review: Brief pain Inventory, Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire, Pain drawing, Visual Analog Pain Scale: a systematic review

Abstract : Pain is a multidimensional phenomenon that is subjective with physiological and psychological components. It is necessary to have valid and reliable pain measures. A previous study has identified Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), SF MPQ-1 and 2 (Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire) as reliable. Visual Analog Pain Scale (VAS) and Pain drawing were less reliable but they are commonly used. The present study aimed to collect validity data of these four scales. Method : a Medline review via PubMed was carried out with no restriction on the publication date. Only English language papers were examined. Inclusion was conducted until June 2019. Data of validity (convergent, discriminant, construct, face and responsiveness) were extracted for each four scales. Results : 17 relevant articles were included for BPI, 8 for SF-MPQ-1, 5 for SF-MPQ-2, none for Pain drawing and 2 for VAS. Convergent validity was studied in several articles included for each scale. Construct validity was studied only for BPI and SF-MPQ. Discriminant validity was studied only for BPI in one article. Face validity was studied in one article for both SF-MPQ-1 and 2. Responsiveness was studied in one article for BPI, 2 articles for SF-MPQ-1 and 3 articles for SF-MPQ-2. Satisfactory validity data were found for BPI and SF-MPQ. Data were inadequate for Pain drawing and insufficient for VAS. Discussion : the five relevant validities were not all studied for BPI and SF-MPQ. Further studies could supplement these data. It will be necessary to study external validity of VAS, which is very useful in practice.
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Master Thesis
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Sophie Nouet Roignan. Validity of four pain scales which have been proven reliable by a previous systematic review: Brief pain Inventory, Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire, Pain drawing, Visual Analog Pain Scale: a systematic review. Life Sciences [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02467036⟩

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