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Master Thesis

Penser le territoire en partage : étude des interactions hommes-ours en estive (vallée du Biros, Ariège)

Abstract : Reintroductions of great predators often reveal social and cultural cleavages within the territories concerned. These situations are often approached in a "client" way, by opposing the pros and cons with no real analysis of the fundamentals of individual positions. It is also rare for alternative voices to really be those that carry the most. They are often concealed by the virulence of the discussions. The positions for and against hide a diversity of points of view and opinions that cannot be understood unless they are taken into their proper context. Pastoralism is the first to be concerned by reintroductions, as the territories of men and territories of bear overlap and become in constant interaction. This study adopts an analytical approach in order to understand how the return of the bear is symbolized in the discourse of the pastoral actors and how the presence of bears impacts the mountain pasture’s practice. The adopted ethnographic approach will therefore question the positioning, decision-making and actions implemented by placing women and men at the core of their territory. It appears that the reintroduced bear is an indicative of different conceptions of what should be done of the mountain territory. Even if the validity of human action on the natural environment, whatever it is, remains to be questioned. Actors who reintroduce the bear are at the core of the critics and not the ursine species itself. On the contrary, there is an attempt to territorial negotiations with the latter. This requires the implementation of methods of protection, whose application and effectiveness are argued by the constitution of an anthology of local knowledge. In fact, the mountain pasture cannot be understood by decontextualizing the elements that define it: the role of the shepherd, the behavior of the herd, the behavior of the dogs, the topographic elements, the meteorological factors, etc. All these elements shape a system in which the bear adds a further layer of complexity.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 14, 2020 - 11:28:08 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-02485504, version 1


Anne-Lise Pivot. Penser le territoire en partage : étude des interactions hommes-ours en estive (vallée du Biros, Ariège). Géographie. 2019. ⟨dumas-02485504⟩



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