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Master Thesis

Comment la gauche a perdu Jeanne d'Arc. Étude de la figure johannique dans la presse socialiste 1890-1914

Abstract : Based on the archives of the socialist press, the study of the relations maintained by the socialists with the image of Joan of Arc reveals their strong involvement in the controversy that grows between 1890 and 1914 around his political heritage. Indeed, there is a socialist model of Joan of Arc. Drawn from the historiographical tradition of the first half of the nineteenth century, it is defined by its belonging to the popular world, and placed in the pantheon of the left, alongside the revolutionaries of 1789 and the communards of 1871. It is also defined by the reactionary enemies of socialist intellectuals, both Catholic and nationalist. The figure of Jeanne defended by La Petite République and L’Humanité is presented as a precursor of the Third Republic’s social struggles. It is not a distant aesthetic theme, but it is engaged in modern problems, and has a function in propaganda. The socialists are indeed the true animators of the leftist figure of Jeanne, the radicals being often close to a more centrist republican vision which considers it as a symbol capable of uniting the whole nation. However, because of the extreme political and ideological polarization of the period, it opposes frontally the reactionary, catholic, anti-Semitic and militaristic conception of heroin. Socialists are unable to effectively promote a model that is above all that of intellectuals, when the nationalist phenomenon and the process of canonization establish the reactionary figure in public opinion. Claimed by antagonistic camps, Joan of Arc is finally hoarded, just before the War, by the reaction.
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Correntin Arrault. Comment la gauche a perdu Jeanne d'Arc. Étude de la figure johannique dans la presse socialiste 1890-1914. Histoire. 2019. ⟨dumas-02489593⟩

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