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Master Thesis

Étude des Syndromes Coronariens Aigus liés à une activité sportive du 1er juillet 2017 au 30 juin 2018 dans la région Béarn Bigorre

Abstract : Introduction: a paradox seems to exist between the acknowledged benefit of a regular sport practice and the occasional increase of cardiovascular events’ risk. However, the exact incidence of ACS during a sports activity in the total French population is unknown. It is likely that a trigger would be identifiable in approximately 50% of the athlete's ACS. Methods: it is a multicenter retrospective descriptive study of adult patients who presented ACS during a sports activity. This study aims to describe these patients’ characteristics. Results: 44 patients included, 50% STEMI and 50% NSTEMI, 86% male, average age 55.9 years, the young age being a factor that would foster the occurrence of STEMI. 11% of the study population has no known cardiovascular risk factors or environmental events. Sports with strong dynamics and static components are the most at risk. Discussion: the ACS of the sportspeople represent 2.2% of the ACS, representing nearly 1,700 annual patients. The share of STEMI is higher compared to the general population, patients have less cardiovascular risk factors. Cycling and walking are the sports the most frequently accessible and practiced within the population but also the most responsible for coronary events. In this study, there are no significant results to show the accountability of environmental factors. Conclusion: ACS of the sportspeople would concern a population less inclined to the cardiovascular risk but it is difficult to draw up a general profile of patient.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02491030
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Juliette Papin. Étude des Syndromes Coronariens Aigus liés à une activité sportive du 1er juillet 2017 au 30 juin 2018 dans la région Béarn Bigorre. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2019. ⟨dumas-02491030⟩

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