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Master Thesis

L’insurrection bulgare de 1876 à travers la presse française. Construction de reportages français et analyse de leurs discours

Abstract : During eighteen months, from autumn 1875 to spring 1877 the Ottoman empire went through a lot of difficulties. Successively, Bosnia, Herzegovina and Bulgaria revolted again Constantinople. Then the Serbian and Montenegrin principalities declared war on their sultan. Added to this, the Porte was experiencing significant internal instability. In few months, the sultan was changed twice. In front of theses dangers for the European peace, the Great Powers decided to react thanks to their diplomacy corps. Different meetings were organised, mostly between the three empires of the East – Austria, Germany and Russia. During months, they gave to the Ottoman power different reforms which, for them, were vital for peace. The Bulgarian uprising stated in May 1876. Quickly stopped by Ottoman irregulars’ troops, the suppression was harsh and touched insurgents and civilians. The atrocities perpetrated by the bachi-bouzouk was described by different reports made by French journalists during summer 1876. Their written shared a lot of details about the horrors but also other information. Indeed, the reporters were not recognized by the peers and by their articles, they worked for the definition and the justification of this new type of journalism. Finally, the analysis of them shine a light on the different social representations of the Ottoman empire, Islam or modernity. By being exposed to the otherness, authors defined their own European collective identity.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 26, 2020 - 4:15:58 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 11:36:38 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-02492081, version 1




Esin Gürbüz. L’insurrection bulgare de 1876 à travers la presse française. Construction de reportages français et analyse de leurs discours. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. 2019. ⟨dumas-02492081⟩



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