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Master Thesis

Ocytocine et dépression du post-partum : état des connaissances et revue non exhaustive de la littérature

Abstract : Oxytocin is a hormone essentially known for its action in the occurrence of uterine contractions during childbirth and breastfeeding. It is now established that it also plays a key role in the development of mothering behaviours, social interactions and stress regulation. Postpartum depression is a frequent, disabling condition with a significant impact on the mother and child, which can impair mother-baby bonding abilities. All these findings have prompted many authors to explore the connections between oxytocin and postpartum depression. Our work aims to provide a non-exhaustive review of the literature on this subject. The first part of this research addresses the generalities of oxytocin. In the second part, we discuss the theoretical knowledge on postpartum depression. The third part focuses on analysing the results of current work on oxytocin in postpartum depression. The research was conducted on the PubMed, Cochrane, PsycINFO and PsycARTICLES databases. In total 19 studies were included to this body-of-work. Results of our literature review suggest an association between a low concentration of oxytocin and postpartum depressive symptoms as well as a possible effect on the quality of mother-child interactions. On the other hand the administration of synthetic oxytocin seems to be rather detrimental to the mood of post-natal women. It is therefore difficult to conclude on the actual impact of this hormone in postpartum depression. In the future additional studies conducted on a larger scale, with more standardized methodologies, could help to clarify current results.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02492100
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Giulia Scotta. Ocytocine et dépression du post-partum : état des connaissances et revue non exhaustive de la littérature. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02492100⟩

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