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Master Thesis

Genre et santé : enquête qualitative auprès de médecins généralistes sur leurs représentations des disparités en santé entre les hommes et les femmes réalisée en 2019 dans les Pyrénées Atlantiques

Abstract : Background: studies have revealed specific differences in terms of prevalence of depression and cardio-vascular diseases, which biological differences between men and women alone, cannot explain. Studies in the field of social sciences have explored how men and women’s different social representations of health are consistent with gender related health differences. Objective: this study aims to explore the perception that General Practitioners (GPs) have of health differences between men and women in order to compare them to subjective and objective differences between men's health and women's health. Method: semi-structured interviews were conducted with male and female GPs until respondents could not provide any more information. Data analysis was performed using the grounded theory method with the concept of double coding. Results : 12 interviews were conducted. This study shows that GPs are more likely to perceive the lack of wellbeing in female patients, finding it difficult to diagnose depression in male patients. GPs perceive cardio-vascular diseases as a male disease and express difficulties in the diagnosis of myocardial infarction in female patients. The way GPs perceive gender related health behaviour is consistent with the differences in which men and women perceive and value their own health. Conclusion: this study has shown evidence that GP perception of health differences between women and men may contribute to the gender gap, as their perception is consistent with previous literature which outlines men and women’s subjective representations and objective health differences for a range of medical conditions and behaviours. To address the gender gap in terms of health, this study highlights the need for a multi-disciplinary approach with contribution from medical and social sciences to ensure gender medicine is integrated in the medical curriculum, without overlooking other social factors.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02498459
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 4, 2020 - 2:51:07 PM
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Tiphaine Levoir, Camille Levoir. Genre et santé : enquête qualitative auprès de médecins généralistes sur leurs représentations des disparités en santé entre les hommes et les femmes réalisée en 2019 dans les Pyrénées Atlantiques. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2019. ⟨dumas-02498459⟩

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