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Master Thesis

À la croisée des chemins : de l’évaluation interne en prévention spécialisée

Abstract : It was after the Second World War that the evaluation process was applied to public policies in France. Since then, this process is registered in the social and medico-social sector with the 2002-02 law, in the form of an internal evaluation every five years and an external evaluation every seven years. It is also after 1945 that the specialized prevention developed with the will to "go towards" a young public, in lack of landmarks and to propose to them a socio-educational model different from that of the foster care. The professional practices developed in specialized prevention require the taking into account of multiple data, which makes it possible to adapt the actions to the identi-fied needs. This is also what complicates the account of interventions and their effects. From this observation, we questioned social workers and their representations to internal evaluation and the dilemma created by the encounter between a complex socio-educational approach and an evalua-tive process that aims reporting on action and the risk of simplification. Thus, we were interested in how social workers appropriate this approach to make it a tool in the service of their everyday work. To do this, we conducted semi-structured interviews with them and their managers. Our results show that the ownership of internal evaluation is underpinned by a participatory approach to co-build as early as possible with the "actors" on the ground. However, the definition of a methodology and a goal worked and problematized as a team remain prerequisites for the mobilization and ownership by the actors of this approach and its results, so that they can make sense out of it.
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Samuel Herchuelz. À la croisée des chemins : de l’évaluation interne en prévention spécialisée. Sociologie. 2019. ⟨dumas-02499359⟩

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