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Master Thesis

L’éducation à la sexualité à l’école en Guyane : les difficultés du terrain. Représentations sociales de la communauté éducative

Abstract : Since 2001, at least three sex education classes per year are mandatory in primary, middle, and high schools. Their purpose is to standardize health knowledge and to reduce health inequalities. However, within the educational community, sex education can be a taboo. This is especially true in French Guiana, an overseas territory. Depending on cultural origins, customs and principles, every family has its own ideas about sex education, which can impede the establishment of school-based projects. In this study, various qualitative survey techniques (semi-structured interviews, free observations) were employed among educators in an institution in French Guiana. Results confirm the reluctance of some when faced with the term “sex education”, and highlight a lack of training and resources for members of the educational community. The need to further involve parents in their children’s health was also apparent. To ensure the success of such a project at the territorial level, one recommendation is to integrate a comprehensive approach to health promotion into the educational system by training the educational community in sex education, in order to encourage adoption of health-promoting behaviors among children. Ministerial engagement is essential, to provide support in favor of the initiative, as well as to encourage the media and gathering places of young people to approach sex education in the spirit of communal well-being.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02499665
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Léa Marhic. L’éducation à la sexualité à l’école en Guyane : les difficultés du terrain. Représentations sociales de la communauté éducative. Santé publique et épidémiologie. 2019. ⟨dumas-02499665⟩

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