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Master Thesis

« Jusqu'à la lie ». Cabarets et cabaretiers dans le Comté de Clermont au XVIIIe siècle à travers les procédures criminelles des archives judiciaires

Abstract : This thesis fits into the field of social history by studying the daily life of 18th century villages. It takes as its research subject inns and pubs : that is, all establishments that offer, on site and for money, drinks, board and lodging, to locals and foreigners. Inns are omnipresent in the rural landscape of the 18th century, particularly in the Comté de Clermont, the geographical area of our study. This small seigneury was then located in the present day Voironnais, around Lake Paladru, in the French Pre-Alps. For the study of inns, this thesis is based on a review of the County's judicial archives. Since alcohol has a disinhibiting effect, these facilities are involved in many cases of violence. The reading of the witnesses’ interviews gathered in criminal justice proceedings brings to life these central places of male sociability. Indeed, if these establishments welcome travellers in transit, many in the County thanks to a major royal road crossing within it, they are above all at the heart of the community life of the villages. A true house of the people, the inns offer a neutral space for permanent male gathering, outside the influence of the State and the Church. In addition to their essential activity as wine merchants, inns have central social, economic, judicial and administrative functions within the community. This effervescence, coupled with the more intense crime caused by wine distribution, makes them spaces on the threshold of legality that religious and civil authorities are trying to control. This thesis proposes to study them in their materiality - geographical situation, material framework - but also through the actors -manager and clients - to finally study their functions between solidarity and conflict, and this always through the judicial archives.
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Master Thesis
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Fleur Vernier. « Jusqu'à la lie ». Cabarets et cabaretiers dans le Comté de Clermont au XVIIIe siècle à travers les procédures criminelles des archives judiciaires. Histoire. 2019. ⟨dumas-02500004⟩



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