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Master Thesis

L’utilisation des écrans par les enfants de 0 à 6 ans dans le cadre familial. Étude quantitative à partir de 375 enfants

Abstract : Whether they are interactive or not, screens are omnipresent, and children have become early and strong adopters, especially at home where television screens are continuously turned on and where they can use their parents' phone and tablets. The study aims at analyzing screens consumption by children from 0 to 6 years at home (by type of screen, duration of use and activity realized). Results are grounded on a declarative questionnaire which was submitted to parents in nurseries, schools, child protection centers and medical offices: 375 questionnaires were completed in 11 institutions from September to December 2017. On average, households are equipped with 6 screens, and each child uses them 1:41 a day mostly in the afternoon, essentially on television or tablet, and watches predominantly children TV programs. The duration of screen usage by the child is positively correlated with his age (p=4.9x10-11), his order of birth within the family (p=2.9x10-3), the number of screens at home (p=1.4x10-4) and especially whether he possesses his own tablet (p=1.4x10-13), the number of applications installed on the parents' smartphone (p<2x10-16), time spent by the mother (p=3.4x10-2) and single parenthood (p=3.8x10-2). However, the child's gender, his BMI, child care system and choice of parental leave, his father's screen usage, his parents' age, and existing usage rules of those supports at home do not correlate with duration of use. Screens cause many health risks, hence the latest recommendations from the French pediatric society to accentuate prevention. Knowledge of the factors related to the important media use allows us to propose a targeted tool of brief intervention type.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02500962
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 23, 2020 - 1:17:28 PM
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Marie Gauthe. L’utilisation des écrans par les enfants de 0 à 6 ans dans le cadre familial. Étude quantitative à partir de 375 enfants. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2019. ⟨dumas-02500962⟩

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