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Master Thesis

Les élites osques et leur rapport à Rome (IVe-Ier siècles avant notre ère)

Abstract : This study focuses on the political and social course of Samnium and Campania's elite between the IVth and Ist c. BCE, and on the situation of Rome within this course. The question is studied from the basis of a prosopographic catalog, established with the Oscan epigraphical corpus, Roman litterary sources – especially Livy – and the inscriptions from Delos. This catalog suggest a restitution of c. twenty aristocratic families' course during the era studied. The political horizons of these families are then questionned, especially during the times of conflict with Rome (conquest of Italy, second punic war, Social War). It turns out that the Roman question is only one of the stakes in the political life of the Oscan elite, which maintain a constellation of interests linked to various regions of Italy. The relation to Roman domination isn't homogeneous, and the ruling class of Oscan communities divide itself, in a legitimate and open political debate, even after the conquest. The social factor of these divisions is questionned, and its influence on the contestation of Rome's authority in Italy appears practicaly inexistent, contrary to the Ancients' and some Moderns' analysis. The practices of the Oscan elite as a social group are then analysed. It appears that their situation within their native societies is stable during all the period and is hardly impacted by a hypothetical Roman interference. The study of the ruling classes' mobility testifies of the survival of contacts between the different regions of Italy, in most cases based on private aristocratic relations. The situation of Rome within this system, which maintains itself despite the Romans taking over the peninsula, is once again sparsely significative, and its attraction on Oscan elite appears as very reduced. Finally, a case study on the Italian community of Delos shows that Italian aristocraties exploit the opportunities created by the Roman conquest in order to maintain their situation in Italy itself.
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Master Thesis
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  • HAL Id : dumas-02510083, version 1

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Paulin Vataire. Les élites osques et leur rapport à Rome (IVe-Ier siècles avant notre ère). Histoire. 2019. ⟨dumas-02510083⟩

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