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Master Thesis

Psychiatrie et radicalisation : dépasser l’émotion

Abstract : It seems that the old notion of radicalization has found a new lease on life in recent years through questions concerning salafo-jihadist radicalization, also known as "Islamist" extremism. Psychiatrists are more and more requested to assess the psychological state of "radicalized" individuals or provide care for them, but their role remains undefined. Therefore, we tried to determine how French psychiatrists see the notion of radicalization and their possible role in the medical care of so-called "radicalized" individuals. To do so, we developed a qualitative research protocol based on semi-directive interviews with psychiatrists on the one hand, and on the exploitation of interventions made during the first General Estates on Psychiatry and Radicalization on the other hand. Our findings suggest that while terrorism generally aims to create a climate of permanent uncertainty and threat, psychiatrists are exposed to the same emotional movements as the rest of the populations targeted by terrorist acts. Confronted with so-called "radicalized" individuals, psychiatrists are likely to experience various overwhelming emotions, including fear. Even though psychiatrists emotions can feed their medical decisions in a fruitful way, fear can prevent them from thinking and hinder both the decision-making process and the establishment of a psychotherapeutic link with the "radicalized" patients. Two things seem to help psychiatrists to overcome their emotions: the supervision of their practice on the one hand, and the acquisition of a specific knowledge on the other. Without these two tools, when facing so-called "radicalized" individuals, psychiatrists might perceive them only as terrifying monsters which they can only reject, in the same process of exclusion that seems to have led to the disaffiliation of these individuals and their radical commitment. However, if psychiatrists manage to overcome their emotions, their scientific and interpersonal skills can enable them to offer a protected space of speech to "radicalized" individuals and thus to access their own discourse and to perceive them as subjects again.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 1, 2020 - 2:21:24 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 25, 2021 - 5:50:02 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-02511308, version 1


Marion Grenon. Psychiatrie et radicalisation : dépasser l’émotion. Ethique. 2019. ⟨dumas-02511308⟩



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