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Master Thesis

Prévalence du surpoids, de l'obésité infantile et du rebond d'adiposité précoce en écoles maternelles dans le secteur d'Arles

Abstract : Background: Obesity has become a global epidemic. The risk of childhood obesity is much higher in children with an early adiposity rebound. Excess weight is less frequently studied in children under 5 years of age. The objective of our study is to determine the prevalence of overweight, childhood obesity and early adiposity rebound of children aged 3.5 to 4.5, who were educated in small and medium kindergarten in the area of Arles, during the 2018-2019 school year. Methods: Descriptive transverse study of 1,761 children as part of the “Eval Mater” health assessment of maternal and child protection. Results: 10.1 % of children are overweight and 2.3 % are obese as per IOTF standards. 12.7 % of children are underweight. Of the 1,761 BMIs, 1,173 curves were analyzed. The prevalence of early adiposity rebound is 23 %, of which 56.1 % have a normal BMI. Conclusion: Early childhood is a critical stage for the development of sustainable obesity. A decrease in body size between childhood and adulthood is associated with a marked reduction in cardiovascular risk factors. It is important to detect an early adiposity rebound, even in children with normal BMI. We must target prevention and education policies in disadvantaged areas. A new problem has also emerged in recent years, the increase of underweight children.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02512583
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 19, 2020 - 5:50:11 PM
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Camille Herpin. Prévalence du surpoids, de l'obésité infantile et du rebond d'adiposité précoce en écoles maternelles dans le secteur d'Arles. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02512583⟩

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