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Master Thesis

Le discours politique sur la « prostitution » à l'ère de la post-vérité en Russie : l'impact sur les programmes de santé

Abstract : Today, public health promotes and uses evidence-based and human rights approaches in the name of public interest to combat epidemics. The very same approaches have proven to be effective to reduce the costs for the governments and to improve the health of the working population. This dissertation presents an analysis of political discourse in Russia and an analysis of the contents of the executive and judicial documents used to explain and justify the pol-icies towards sex workers.
Sex workers remain a population severely affected by HIV and STI epidemics, which is widely recognized. In this work, the author seeks to investigate the contents of the poli-cy discourse on ‘prostitution’ to demonstrate how it hampers health programs specifical-ly aimed at this population in Russia. The lack of public health intervention by the feder-al government in this community is coherent with the existingpublic debate and punitive approach, as sex work in Russia is an offence punishable by a fine. While the rhetoric and wording on the issue driven by emotions, moral axioms and ignoring science, mi-grate unchanged in this of post-truth discourse, this can facilitate an insight.
The analysis indicates three features of the discourse and their consequences for public health:
(1) the overall stigmatizing connotation of the term "prostitution’ reinforces the need of fiscal or/ and criminal sanctions and facilitates appeals to moral axioms, prejudices or engrained beliefs;
(2) depicting the fight, regulation and control over the ‘prostitution’ as the only alterna-tives in the political discourse has led to normalization of structural violence against sex workers and censorship of this group in public health; and, finally,
(3) there is a failure to sufficiently justify the link between the vulnerability of sex work-ers to HIV, and the need for measures specifically targeting this group in public health.
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Evgeniia Maron. Le discours politique sur la « prostitution » à l'ère de la post-vérité en Russie : l'impact sur les programmes de santé. Political science. 2018. ⟨dumas-02542541⟩

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