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Master Thesis

Caractéristiques épidémiologiques des patients atteints d’hépatite C sur le territoire ouest de l’île de La Réunion. Cohorte de 412 patients diagnostiqués entre 1995 et 2016

Abstract : Introduction: There has been no study evaluating epidemiological characteristics of patients infected with hepatitis C (HCV virus) in Reunion island since 2011. Since it seemed that those characteristics had changed as well as demographics in Reunion island, we decided to conduct a study to update those data. Objectives: Our primary goal was to update the epidemiological analysis done by Dr Thurieau before 2011 with patients diagnosed between January 1st 2011 and December 31st 2016. Our secondary goal was to compare epidemiological data from patients diagnosed before and after January 2011. Conclusion: Epidemiological characteristics of patients infected with hepatitis C in the western part of Reunion island diagnosed after 2011 have changed since the Thurieau study. Transfusion and IV drug abuse are not the main mode of transmission anymore. Indeed there is almost no IV drug abuse in Reunion island and blood transfusion safety has greatly improved. Contamination through minor iatrogenesis could represent up to 6 out of 10 new cases. Reunion island’s unique geographical situation in a high HCV prevalence area (the Indian Ocean area) could be the main reason for this. Future screening campaigns for hepatitis C in Reunion island should take into account those new data.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02926766
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 1, 2020 - 9:08:31 AM
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Thomas Chane-Teng. Caractéristiques épidémiologiques des patients atteints d’hépatite C sur le territoire ouest de l’île de La Réunion. Cohorte de 412 patients diagnostiqués entre 1995 et 2016. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2020. ⟨dumas-02926766⟩

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