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Master Thesis

Effets d’un entraînement intensif et ciblé sur les processus phonologiques sous-jacents dans la dyslexie développementale : étude de cas

Abstract : Developmental dyslexia is a disorder that results in a wide range of learning disability in reading and spelling. To date, the general idea is that phonological disorder is the most frequent, whether isolated or associated with visual-attentional deficits (mixed dyslexia). Indeed, the reading performances are directly related to underlying cognitive processes such as short-term verbal memory, automated rapid naming, phonological and phonemic consciousness. Therefore, these processes are disrupted in the context of phonological originated dyslexia. As a result, numerous studies have been conducted to provide targeted and intensive training to strengthen them (Ehri et al., 2001; Galuschka et al., 2014; Torgesen et al., 1992). Then, we study a sample of two fifth-grade children with dyslexia in order to evaluate the reliability of short-term training focused on underlying phonological processes. Following a two-month classic speech-language follow-up, we offered them computerized audio-phonological training (RAPDYS and PHONOPIDOW) based on fusion and word segmentation tasks. The duration of this training was scheduled on two months, at a rate of 5 days per week, for 15 to 20 minutes. Our main objective was to measure the impact of our reading and spelling performance training in comparison to non-specific support. The results of this experiment showed a significant improvement in reading performance for both children, regardless of their reading profile (mixed and surface) following the intensive training period.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02939372
Contributor : Bibliothèque Universitaire de Médecine Nice Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 15, 2020 - 3:24:52 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 21, 2021 - 3:11:23 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-02939372, version 1

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Apolline Accary. Effets d’un entraînement intensif et ciblé sur les processus phonologiques sous-jacents dans la dyslexie développementale : étude de cas. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2020. ⟨dumas-02939372⟩

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