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Master Thesis

Étude de faisabilité d'un entrainement intermodalitaire sur l'amélioration du comportement en lecture et des processus cognitifs sous-jacents dans la dyslexie développementale

Abstract : Dyslexia is a persistent neurodevelopmental disorder that is now a recognized handicap. The classification of dyslexia has always been based on the behavioral manifestations of reading. However, the literature today raises three causal hypotheses related to the cognitive processes underlying reading. Thus, the disorder would be the result of the isolated or combined alteration of the phonological, visual attentional and letter-speech sound association processes. The recommendations of meta-analyzes advocate an intervention based on a precise and regular assessment. Rehabilitation must be early, intensive and targeted on an underlying process deficit. This is what led us to offer a letter-speech sound association training. The stimulation was repeated 15 minutes a day, 5 times a week for 8 weeks, using the Graphogame software. The validation of this serious game has shown benefits in many languages. In France, it has been tested on children at risk of learning. We wanted to assess its effects on children diagnosed with dyslexia aged 8 to 11. Text and word reading performance, efficiency of the underlying processes, and reading comprehension skills were assessed at the start of the protocol, after eight weeks of no training, and at the end of the training. Our results show significant gains in text and pseudowords reading performance as well as in written comprehension. Our preliminary study suggests the value of training the letter-speech sound process in the remediation of dyslexia. These results should be confirmed after increasing the sample size.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02939740
Contributor : Bibliothèque Universitaire de Médecine Nice <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 15, 2020 - 6:07:18 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 21, 2021 - 3:11:23 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-02939740, version 1

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Sabrina Courant. Étude de faisabilité d'un entrainement intermodalitaire sur l'amélioration du comportement en lecture et des processus cognitifs sous-jacents dans la dyslexie développementale. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2020. ⟨dumas-02939740⟩

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