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Master Thesis

Étude de l'évolution de l'empathie et des connaissances des étudiants en médecine avant et après un module obligatoire de formation à la relation médecin-malade

Abstract : Objectives: clinical effects of empathy are essential in physician-patient relationship, on physical and mental patients’ health and on their satisfaction, as well as physicians’ well being at work. Several studies describe its decline during the beginning of clinical years, whereas a teaching during this same period seems to limit it or even improve empathy. This study explores the evolution of empathy and theoretical knowledge of students from the 4th year in medicine in a University in Paris after a training in the physician-patient relationship. Methods: 439 forth-year medical students had participated to the physician-patient relationship seminar during the university year 2018-2019, including role plays, consultations with simulated patients, Balint groups and lectures. Empathy was assessed by the auto-questionnaire Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy for Medical Student (JSPE-MS) and the theoretical knowledge by a multiple-choice questionnaire. Results: the JSPE-MS had statistically increased after the training (p<0,001) for 100 students, as well as the multiple-choice questionnaire (p<0.0001) for 101 students that had answered before and after the training. A weak correlation was found between the two scores (r=0,256; p<0,0001). A significant difference was found only for the multiple-choice questionnaire after the training, which was higher for women (p<0,001) and for the students whose parents had the first year of a license or more (p<0,009). The average global satisfaction score was 7,6/10. Conclusion : empathy seems to be a competence sensible to simulation associated with Balint group, mostly on the cognitive component.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02940933
Contributor : Ufr Santé Unicaen <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 4:36:39 PM
Last modification on : Friday, December 18, 2020 - 3:36:40 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, December 17, 2020 - 6:10:40 PM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-02940933, version 1

Citation

Hélène Chauvel. Étude de l'évolution de l'empathie et des connaissances des étudiants en médecine avant et après un module obligatoire de formation à la relation médecin-malade. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2020. ⟨dumas-02940933⟩

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