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Master Thesis

Amorçage rythmique : renforcement d’un entraînement morphosyntaxique et transfert à l’attention soutenue d’enfants TDL

Abstract : Goal.This study assessed whether the beneficial effect of a morphosyntax training program is enhanced in DLD children by rhythmic rather than non-rhythmic auditory primes displayed before each exercise.
Method. Ten DLD children were integrated into a cross-over designed experiment, then divided into two groups of five. One group followed a program of morphosyntax exercises (3,5 hours) combined with rhythmic auditory primes (rhythmic condition, R), while the other group followed the same program combined with neutral auditory primes (basic noise condition, B). After a wash-out period, the second phase of the program offered new morphosyntax exercises (3,5 hours) and the priming conditions were reversed between the groups. Morphosyntactic and attentional skills were assessed before the first series of sessions (T0), then after them (T1), and finally after the second series of sessions (T2).
Results. Data analysis comparing pre- and post-training stages for each training condition not only showed that children exhibited better performance after training specifically in morphosyntactic perception and production tests, but also that morphosyntactic understanding and sustained attention improved significantly only after the rhythmic training condition R.
Conclusion. In case of severe morphosyntax disorders in children, training targeting grammatical skills can be more effective if prior stimulation of temporal attention is elicited by listening to rhythmic music. The involvement of temporal attention in this effect is corroborated by the transfer of benefit observed mainly at the end of a difficult visual barrage test requiring sustained attention. The small sample size calls for careful interpretation, but the results replicate those obtained in hearing-impaired children.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02948241
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 24, 2020 - 3:00:10 PM
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Ophélie Benhaïm. Amorçage rythmique : renforcement d’un entraînement morphosyntaxique et transfert à l’attention soutenue d’enfants TDL. Sciences cognitives. 2020. ⟨dumas-02948241⟩

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