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Master Thesis

Les piqûres de scorpions chez l’enfant en Guyane française: une étude rétrospective de 2003 à 2018

Abstract : Objective: this study described the pediatric scorpionism in French Guiana. Material: we conducted a monocentric descriptive retrospective (16 years) study on scorpion sting in children. Epidemiology: we included 132 children with 63% of male. The patient with general envenomation was younger and lighter (p=0.04). The typical sting was one sting (95.3%) by big (47.6%) black (60%) slim pincer (58%) scorpion on the extremity (84%) of the body. Environment: during the day, the sting is related to the children activity. The sting occurred mostly when child change clothes. The monthly evaluation highlights that the number of sting and percentage of general envenomation was closely related to a combine variable of level of river and level variation. Clinical and paraclinical: the cardiac symptoms were the most frequent general enven-omation symptoms. They were present in 82% of general envenomation. The presence of pulmonary (p<0.001), ENT (p=0.01) or digestive (p=0.02) symptoms are link to major envenomations. Leucocyte and glycaemia increased with the envenomation class where kalaemia and alkaline reserve decreased. Therapeutic and outcome: they are no relation between antalgic level and the envenomations class. Forty-six patient need hospitalization and 7 needs intensive care unit. Patient did not present sequel at the hospital discharge.
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Contributor : Bu Carreire Université de Bordeaux <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 28, 2020 - 1:25:45 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:21:55 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-02950932, version 1



Jules Vaucel. Les piqûres de scorpions chez l’enfant en Guyane française: une étude rétrospective de 2003 à 2018. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2020. ⟨dumas-02950932⟩



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