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Master Thesis

L'addiction : mieux la connaître pour mieux la combattre

Abstract : Man have always used psychoactive substances. However, their consumption patterns have changed considerably over the centuries. If the drugs were first used for religious or medicinal purposes, they later became purely recreational objects. The evolution of their mode of consumption has brought with it the appearance of a disease which has long struggled to be considered as such, addiction. This pathology is characterized by the impossibility of controlling the consumption of a product or activity and by the continuation of this behavior despite its harmful effects. Advances in neurobiology have enabled a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in addictive processes. In particular, they have identified the neural network behind addiction, the reward system. However, despite the great advances achieved, knowledge on this pathology is still incomplete and the therapies available are of limited effectiveness. However, addictive behaviors continue to intensify, especially in the current context where the drug market is booming and where society promotes hyper-consumption. Their damage is also increasing. In order to cope with this scourge, the management of addiction has been redesigned. It no longer focuses solely on the search for total abstinence but is now also aimed at risk reduction. In this new objective, the pharmacist is an essential link as much by his theoretical knowledge as by his availability, accessibility and proximity. A 2020 survey of 53 Gironde pharmacists helped to better understand their missions in the fight against addictions.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 6, 2020 - 2:51:23 PM
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Leîla Florusse. L'addiction : mieux la connaître pour mieux la combattre. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2020. ⟨dumas-02959113⟩

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