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Master Thesis

Évolution du traitement des petites quantités selon leur mode de représentation

Abstract : Some early studies have shown that children spontaneously use their fingers at early stages in their development. More recent studies conducted in different cultures and at various stages of children’s development, have proved that finger-counting is a useful tool but not a necessary step to numerical development. Today, however, there has still not been enough specific testing on these findings. This research aims to determine whether finger-counting related performances are in fact precocious and helpful during numerical tasks. Therefore, preschoolers (N=23) and adults (N=16) completed small quantities (1-5) comparison tasks, in three different modalities: finger configurations, Arabic numerals and dice. To comprehend the evolution that might occur between preschool and first grade, children’s comparisons skills were assessed three times: in the middle of their last year of preschool, at the end of the school year and 3 months into first grade. Results show that in preschool, children perform best during the dice and finger configurations comparison tasks whereas the adults perform best during dice and Arabic numerals comparison tasks. However during first grade, the children’s performance pattern evolved to one close to the adults’. For each comparison task, the subjects performed better when the distance between the two quantities was bigger. These results support the hypothesis that finger counting configurations precedes symbolic representation and can be considered as a transitional modality of quantity representation between analogical representations and symbolic representations.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02974784
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 22, 2020 - 10:00:39 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-02974784, version 1

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Cécilia Jubin, Laurène Périllat. Évolution du traitement des petites quantités selon leur mode de représentation. Sciences cognitives. 2020. ⟨dumas-02974784⟩

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